The starting point of any lighting project is to choose the types of lamps. The difference between each one is the temperature, measured in degrees Kelvin, which goes from a yellowish spectrum (lower Kelvin), until a blue-white light (higher Kelvins).
The incandescent light bulb has different shapes. It emits yellow and warm light, reproducing the colors with full fidelity, but it has a high energy consumption and a little duration. Can be used in general lighting (pendants, plafons, chandeliers), decorative lighting (lamps, wall sconces, floor lamps).
The halogen lamps have a small bulb, but they have better performance and durability, also reproduce the colors in a good way and they are hot. Used to highlight objects or areas, as have high light control. Some models are available in different colors. Can be used in pendants, chandelier and built-in spots.
The fluorescents feature high efficiency and low energy consumption, are suitable for residential and commercial use. They replace incandescent bulbs and can be tubular or compact. May have different light colors (white, blue, yellow ...) and they don't emit heat.
LED lamps are the most economical, durable and modern. Its power consumption is very low. Can be used in spots (on countertops, decorative objects), wall sconces (to create effects on the wall), as (lighting of corridors and stairs) and on illumination of facades. There are different colors and shade lamps and emit no heat.
Now we know a bit more about the types of lamps we can choose those that best fit with each environment. Living room and bedrooms deserve a warm light, a yellowish tone and hot. White color bulbs, cooler, are recommended for commercial and residential areas where clarity is needed, as the kitchen and the laundry.
Below some models and ideas.